Do firms respond to tougher competition by searching for new technological solutions (exploration) or do they work to defend their position by improving current technologies (exploitation)? The Strategic Management Journal (SMJ) examines this issue and finds that in the years that immediately follow an increase in import penetration, firms tend to rely more on familiar knowledge in the development of innovations. This R&D strategy appears to be temporary and improves a firm's likelihood of survival.
Experts highlight four major symptoms affecting people with progressive MS that should be the focus of new research: fatigue, mobility and upper extremity impairment, pain, and cognitive impairment. "We have ample evidence from research in other clinical areas that rehabilitation can improve quality of life and find support from diverse payers and stakeholders," noted Dr. John DeLuca. "Our aim is to bring attention to the pressing need to develop rehabilitation treatment interventions for the progressive MS community."
A new study exploits the characteristic epigenetic signatures of childhood tumors to detect, classify and monitor the disease. The scientists analyzed short fragments of tumor DNA that are circulating in the blood. These "liquid biopsy" analyses exploit the unique epigenetic landscape of bone tumors and do not depend on any genetic alterations, which are rare in childhood cancers. This approach promises to improve personalized diagnostics and, possibly, future therapies of childhood tumors.
Forensic archaeologists and anthropologists from Cranfield University have started to recover the bodies of victims executed by the Franco regime at the end of the Spanish Civil War during an excavation in the Ciudad Real region of Spain.
To deliver real-time feedback to support employee development and rapid innovation, many companies are replacing formal, review-based performance management with systems that enable frequent and continuous employee evaluation. New research in the INFORMS journal Information Systems Research examines the role of these applications to understand the effects on employee performance appraisals.
The researchers at The University of Toledo outline methods to bridge the gap and better prepare business students for the realities of the workplace, including the Microsoft Office suite.
To better understand how to measure and predict collective intelligence, researchers used meta-analytic methods to evaluate data collected in 22 studies, including 5,349 individuals in 1,356 groups, and found strong support for a general factor of collective intelligence (CI).
What The Study Did: This is a qualitative study that evaluates a crowdsourcing open call to gather community input for engaging the university community in COVID-19 safety strategies.
Research conducted by an international team of scientists discovered a mechanism that leads to Herceptin resistance, representing a significant clinical obstacle to successfully treating HER2-positive breast cancer. They also identified a new approach to potentially overcome it.
The same biases that exist for women physicians in person also exist in social media networking, a new Northwestern Medicine study reports. What's more, a previous study found women physicians are twice as likely to face sexual harassment online than men. The new study's findings speak to gender-equity issues for professional women outside medical field.