Like two superheroes finally joining forces, Sandia's Z machine -- generator of the world's most powerful electrical pulses -- and Lawrence Livermore's National Ignition Facility -- the planet's most energetic laser source -- have detailed gold and platinum responses to pressures so extreme that their atomic structures momentarily distorted like images in a fun-house mirror.Until now there has been no way to accurately calibrate these pressures , the first step to controlling them.
Ozone levels in the earth's troposphere (the lowest level of our atmosphere) can now be forecasted with accuracy up to two weeks in advance, a remarkable improvement over current systems that can accurately predict ozone levels only three days ahead. The new artificial intelligence system developed in the University of Houston's Air Quality Forecasting and Modeling Lab could lead to improved ways to control high ozone problems and even contribute to solutions for climate change issues.
Motions of a remarkable cosmic structure have been measured for the first time, using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. The blast wave and debris from an exploded star are seen moving away from the explosion site and colliding with a wall of surrounding gas.
The study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, suggests that the NASA James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), scheduled to launch in November, will be sensitive enough to observe the birth of galaxies directly.
Researchers from St Petersburg University have analysed data from optical telescopes covering more than eight years and managed to explain the mechanism of polarisation plane rotations in blazars.
Researchers at Osaka University and Kyoto University show that an excited state previously predicted to exist in neon-20 is real by using particle scattering experiments. By merging into five groups of four, the protons and neutrons in neon-20 can exist in a special condensed state. This work may help scientists understand low-density nucleon many-body systems and neutron stars.
New findings from heart experts at Cincinnati Children's shed light on the molecular triggers of rapid cardiac atrophy. Findings have potential implications for space travel.
Using only a pen and paper, Kavli IPMU PI Hitoshi Murayama has found theoretical proof of a decades-old claim that Quantum Chromo Dynamics leads to light-weight pions.
Scientists at Cornell University and the American Museum of Natural History have identified 2,034 nearby star-systems - within the small cosmic distance of 326 light-years - that could find Earth merely by watching our pale blue dot cross our sun.
University of Maryland researchers created the first high-resolution image of an expanding bubble of hot plasma and ionized gas where stars are born.