The eruption of the Laacher See volcano in the Eifel in Germany is one of Central Europe's largest eruptions over the past 100,000 years. Technical advances in combination with tree remains buried in the course of the eruption now enabled an international research team to accurately date the event. Accordingly, the eruption of the Laacher See volcano occurred 13,077 years ago and thus 126 years earlier than previously assumed.
New research from marine biologists offers answers to a fundamental puzzle that had until now remained unsolved: why are some fish warm-blooded when most are not? It turns out that while (warm-blooded) fish able to regulate their own body temperatures can swim faster, they do not live in waters spanning a broader range of temperatures.
Last August, sea ice north of Greenland showed its vulnerability to the long-term effects of climate change. The region, part of what's known as the "Last Ice Area" that could serve as a refuge for ice-dependent species, may be ice-free in summertime sooner than expected.
Research by Salk Institute scientists offers a new understanding of how gene activity directs plant growth, and how quickly plants respond to their environment -- with shifting light conditions triggering molecular changes in as little as five minutes. The findings provide insights into how to increase yield and safeguard world food production as climate change shrinks the planet's arable land.
Levelling up access to finance so that poorer countries can afford the funds needed to switch to renewable energy could see regions like Africa reaching net zero emissions a decade earlier, according to a study led by UCL researchers. Access to finance (credit) is vital for the green energy transition needed to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, as laid out in the Paris Agreement. But access to low-cost finance is uneven.
Ecosystems can buffer impacts from hazard events and provide other benefits such as clean water, biodiversity and human well-being. Twenty-eight researchers from 11 nations, including Jaroslav Mysiak of the CMCC Foundation, spent several years analyzing over 500 peer-reviewed articles on mangroves, coral reefs, sand dunes, slope forests and more. A new study on ecosystem-based approaches to disaster risk reduction just published in Nature Sustainability.
Harpy eagles (Harpia harpyja) - which are among the world's largest eagle species - struggle to feed offspring in heavily deforested areas of the Amazon, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.
A new mathematical model has been developed by QUT researchers to uncover land clearing when satellite imagery is obstructed by clouds.
A combination of factors makes a warming climate beneficial to rattlesnakes. The snakes are experts at thermoregulation, need few calories to survive, and would likely have more active time seasonally and during a given day.
New research highlights the importance of understanding sea surface temperatures patterns in predicting future hurricane frequency.