Public Release: 

NASA sees Eastern Pacific's newest tropical storm organizing

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center


IMAGE: At 4:25 a.m. EDT (0825 UTC) on Sept. 25, 2018, the MODIS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite looked at Tropical Depression 20E in infrared light. MODIS found coldest cloud tops... view more 

Credit: NASA/NRL

NASA provided an infrared look at newly developed Tropical Storm Rosa in the Eastern Pacific and found the storm was getting better organized.

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific early on Sept. 25 when Rosa was still a tropical depression called 20E. Infrared satellite data taken at 4:25 a.m. EDT (0825 UTC) on Sept. 25 from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer or MODIS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite revealed strongest storms with the coldest cloud top temperatures around 20E's center and in a band of thunderstorms southwest of center.

MODIS data showed that the tropical cyclone's cloud pattern has become better organized, with developing convective banding features and the depression was upgraded to a tropical storm.

MODIS found coldest cloud tops had temperatures near minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 62.2 degrees Celsius). NASA research has found that cloud top temperatures that cold have the capability to generate heavy rainfall.

At 9 a.m. EDT (1200 UTC), the center of Tropical Strom Rosa was located near latitude 14.7 degrees north, longitude 108.0 degrees west. That's about 385 miles (620 km) south-southwest of Manzanillo Mexico, so there are no coastal watches or warnings in effect. The depression is moving toward the west-northwest near 9 mph (15 kph). A west to west-northwest motion at a similar forward speed is expected during the next few days. Maximum sustained winds are near 45 mph (75 kph) with higher gusts.

NHC noted that conditions favor continued strengthening, with Rosa likely to remain in an environment of warm waters, low shear, and a very moist mid-level air mass for the next several days. Additional strengthening is likely, and Rosa could become a hurricane on Tuesday, Sept. 25.


For updates on Rosa, visit:

By Rob Gutro
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

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